The secret of a gleaming wooden table lies in the judicious choice, preparation and application of varnish. To ensure that this maintenance process is a success, you need to be aware of the different species used to make the table tops and legs. With Anova Bois, find out all you need to know about varnishes for tables made from this material, and the secrets for enhancing the natural appearance of your furniture.


Varnishing a wooden table is not just a question of aesthetics, but above all of protection. Varnish creates a resistant barrier against scratches, stains, moisture and wear on the surface to which it is applied. This protective layer serves to preserve the natural beauty of the wood and extend the life of the furniture. Varnishing your table will also make it easier to maintain on a daily basis.


When you plan to varnish a table, you may end up with different types of wood. Oak, for example, is renowned for its durability and rough appearance. Then there's pine, a noble and aesthetic species whose uniform colour is much appreciated. Walnut is another wood species with a rich, warm colour. Each species has its own unique characteristics, which can influence the sanding and protection process.

To carry out the varnishing process, you need to clean the furniture beforehand to ensure optimum adhesion of the product. Use a mild cleaner to remove any dirt or residue from the surface. Above all, make sure the product is compatible with the wood to avoid damaging the natural texture. Then sand the top and legs to remove any oil or wax stains.

When it comes to sanding, the choice of abrasive grain depends on the type of wood. For oak, you can start the sanding with 120-grit sandpaper, then 150-grit and finish with 180-grit to preserve the fineness of the material. For a walnut table, you can use 150, 180 and 220 grit. For a pine dining or work table, start with a medium grit (80) to remove roughness, then move on to a finer grit for a smooth finish.

After cleaning and sanding, make sure the surface is dust-free. We recommend that you use a damp cloth at this stage to remove any residual particles from the table top and legs. Make sure the surface is completely dry before applying the wood varnish or protective product.


There are different types of wood varnish, each with its own advantages. In particular, Anova Bois offers products made from water and resins, which are environmentally friendly and odourless. They are ideal for use indoors, particularly on wooden furniture in confined spaces. They offer effective protection against everyday household stresses and stains.

There are also oil-based products and polyurethane and acrylic varnishes for wood. Oil-based products are appreciated for their natural, warm appearance. They penetrate the wood, nourish it and give it a pleasant finish. The disadvantages of wood oils are that they give off an odour when they dry over a longer or shorter period of time, offer little protection against water and stains, and significantly alter the original colour of the wood. Polyurethane and acrylic varnishes are known for their durability, resistance to knocks and scratches and, above all, to everyday stains. They are recommended for wooden tables that are subject to heavy use and for easy maintenance.

When it comes to colour, the ideal choice is a colourless product if you want to preserve the authentic appearance of the material. There are, however, varnishes for wood in grey, black, red, light oak, dark oak, etc. This allows you to colour and protect the table at the same time. This is an option if you're looking for a more modern look or coloured furniture in your décor. You can opt for a wood varnish with a matt, gloss or satin finish, depending on your preference.

When it comes to application techniques, you can choose between brush, roller and spray. The brush offers precise control and the roller covers large surfaces quickly. Spraying gives a professional finish, but requires experience.

For a perfect finish, apply several thin coats of varnish rather than one thick coat to the wooden table. Once the first coat has dried, use a fine-grain abrasive to sand before applying another coat. This will allow the second coat to adhere better and there will be no roughness in the wood or drips after drying.


To preserve the beauty of your varnished wooden table, clean it regularly. Use a soft, damp cloth (ideally a microfibre cloth) to remove dust and particles. Avoid abrasive products that could damage the varnish surface. Instead, opt for gentle cleaners specially designed for tables. Avoid white vinegar or bleach.

Scratches may appear on your furniture over time. If they are light, use a wax crayon that matches the colour of the wood to camouflage them. For deeper scratches, gently apply a small amount of colourless varnish with a fine brush to restore the surface.

If the varnish on your wooden table shows signs of wear, restore the protective layer. Start by cleaning the top and legs with a mild degreaser. Then sand and apply coats of clear varnish according to the manufacturer's instructions.

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